Since the 1960s, strategies for the governance of sustainable development have been centred on the conservation management of habitats and species. The associated idea is that bottom-up community action plans must be at the heart of the new economic, social and environmental order. The conceptual linkage between culture and ecology is landscape and the theme of ‘communities in landscapes’ provides the holistic planning and educational framework.
The landscape chosen to illustrate the theme consists of the relatively small valleys of North Wales. Sandwiched between mountain and sea they exemplify strategic and operational plans for engaging with local sustainability issues of biodiversity and economics.
The starting point is Conwy County Borough's Community Strategy 2004-14, which may be accessed from the following link.
The majority of the population is found along a narrow coastal strip, which contains a number of settlements.
Llandudno is a major resort and also a regional shopping and cultural centre. Colwyn Bay is an increasingly important commercial and business centre. Other significant settlements
on the coastal strip are Abergele, Conwy, Kinmel Bay, Llandudno Junction, Llanfairfechan, Penmaenmawr and Penrhyn Bay. 35% of the
area is situated within Snowdonia National Park.
Rural Conwy is an attractive, mainly agricultural area with limited alternative employment and few development pressures. Its population is widely dispersed and predominantly Welsh speaking. The main
settlements are the market town of Llanrwst and the scattered villages of Betws yn Rhos, Betws y Coed,
Cerrigydrudion, Dolwyddelan, Eglwysbach, Glan Conwy, Llanfairtalhaearn, Llangernyw, Llansannan, Pentrefoelas and Trefriw.http://www.conwy.gov.uk/upload/public/attachments/134/conwy_community_strategy.pdf