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Knights of St. Crispin Hall

140 Main St W
Rochester, NY 14608, US

Category: Organizations - historic

Used in the following map:

Rochester Labor History eMap

In April 1874 the Industrial Congress held its annual convention at this site in a hall named for the patron saint of shoemakers. Seeking to establish a national labor organization, the Congress articulated a declaration of principles which began with words that four years later would be adopted by the Knights of Labor: “The recent alarming development and aggression of aggregated wealth which, unless checked, will inevitably lead to the pauperization and hopeless degradation of the toiling masses, renders it imperative that a check should be placed upon its power and unjust accumulation, and a system adopted which will secure to the laborer the fruits of his toil ...” Christopher Kane, leader of Rochester's shoemakers (who numbered 700 by the end of the decade), gave the welcoming address and representatives of the Monroe County Workingman's Assembly participated. Susan B. Anthony addressed the delegates on the issue of woman suffrage. Kane was elected Vice President but the Industrial Congress only lasted another year, a victim, along with many workers and their national unions, of the Depression
of 1873-78.