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Lewis Henry Morgan Gravesite

1133 Mt Hope Ave
Rochester, NY 14620, US

Category: Friends of Labor

Used in the following map:

Rochester Labor History eMap

Lewis Henry Morgan (1818-1881) started out in Rochester as a lawyer, speculator and state legislator. He went on to study the Seneca tribe, conducting the first ethnographic interviews, and expanded his research, publishing in 1851 League of the Ho-de-no-sau-nee, or Iroquois. This attorney and father of anthropology advocated for the Iroquois in New York's legislature and courts.
Morgan expanded his study of kinship among the Iroquois, completing in 1871 Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family and, in 1877, Ancient Society, in which he advanced a general theory of social development based on the relationships between modes of material production and the creation of property and systems of kinship regulating reproduction and inheritance. Morgan's work was acclaimed by Frederick Engels, who considered Ancient Society “one of the few epoch-making works of our time" and made it the basis of his materialist history of the Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, published in 1884. Engels ends his study with Morgan's own conclusion: “Since the advent of civilisation, the outgrowth of property has been so immense, its forms so diversified, its uses so expanding and its management so intelligent in the interests of its owners that it has become, on the part of the people, an unmanageable power. The human mind stands bewildered in the presence of its own creation. The time will come, nevertheless, when human intelligence will rise to the mastery over property, and define the relations of the state to the property it protects, as well as the obligations and the limits of the rights of its owners.” At his death Morgan left $80,000 for the education of women at the University of Rochester. Morgan is buried in Mt. Hope Cemetery.


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