St. Stanislaus Kostka Church

Parks and Recreation

The mother church of all Polish Catholic congregations in Chicago," St. Stanislaus Kostka was first organized in 1867. This church was built between 1876 and 1881, and seats 1,500 people. By the beginning of the twentieth century, approximately 40,000 people worshipped at St. Stanislaus, while nearly 4,500 children attended the attached school. In the 1950s, the surrounding population saved the church from demolition for what became the Kennedy Expressway. The Expressway passes directly behind the church. The accompanying photographs show a group of boys playing in front of the church while a balloon vendor passes by, and a crowd watching firefighters trying to extinguish a 1906 blaze at the school. (See: Pacyga and Skerrett, Chicago: City of Neighborhoods, pp. 167 and 178.) TRUE Religious Institutions 9999 1351 W Evergreen Ave, Chicago, IL, 60622, US 1351 W Evergreen Ave 60622 Cook Chicago IL US 41.906177 -87.662022 /photos/2/53/23347_l.jpg 1024 738 Chicago History Museum, DN-0004456 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003OnQ
130978 Polish Women's Alliance TRUE Community 9999 1309 N Ashland Ave, Chicago, IL, 60622, US 1309 N Ashland Ave 60622 Cook Chicago IL US 41.905474 -87.66756 /photos/1/90/17878_l.jpg 575 767 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003OnR
130980 Polish Bank and Newspaper Building A large white stone building on the northeast corner of the intersection, initially housed a Polish bank and later the Polish newspaper Dziennik Zwiazkowy. TRUE Community 9999 1201 N Milwaukee Ave, Chicago, IL, 60622, US 1201 N Milwaukee Ave 60622 Cook Chicago IL US 41.903435 -87.666596 /photos/1/90/17883_l.jpg 1023 609 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003OnT
130981 Polish National Alliance Former home of the Polish National Alliance, giant fraternal order and secular-nationalist rival to the Polish Roman Catholic Union, held its first national convention in Chicago in 1880. TRUE Community 9999 1520 W Division St, Chicago, IL, 60622, US 1520 W Division St 60622 Cook Chicago IL US 41.903383 -87.665839 /photos/1/90/17882_l.jpg 1024 768 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003OnU
130983 Holy Trinity Church Built in 1893 in high-Renaissance style, this church competed with St. Stanislaus. Holy Trinity was generally more Polish-nationalistic. TRUE Religious Institutions 9999 1120 N Noble St, Chicago, IL, 60622, US 1120 N Noble St 60622 Cook Chicago IL US 41.901951 -87.662556 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003OnW
130984 Northwestern University Settlement House Designed by architect Irving K. Pond and initially directed by sociologist Charles Zeublin, the Northwestern University Settlement House was founded in 1891 -- two years after Hull House opened. Northwestern Settlement House served the mainly Polish immigrant population. The accompanying photographs show Anna Kralovec, a nurse, and Dr. R. M. Hutchinson with women and babies gathered around a table in the House in 1919, and the House as it stands today. TRUE Community 9999 1400 W Augusta Blvd, Chicago, IL, 60622, US 1400 W Augusta Blvd 60622 Cook Chicago IL US 41.899788 -87.662643 /photos/2/53/23348_l.jpg 964 768 Chicago History Museum, DN-0070951 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003OnX
130987 Polish Roman Catholic Union National Headquarters Formed in 1873, this fraternal organization also houses the Polish Museum of America, including archives and exhibits. TRUE Community 9999 1000 N Milwaukee Ave, Chicago, IL, 60622, US 1000 N Milwaukee Ave 60622 Cook Chicago IL US 41.899886 -87.661092 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003On[
131001 Statue of Carter Harrison Carter Harrison (1825-1893) served twice as the Democratic Mayor of Chicago (1879-1887 & Apr. to Oct. 1893). He built a political coalition along lines of ethnic and class issues and remained relatively friendly to the working class even during the Haymarket clash. Harrison was assassinated by a frustrated office seeker just before the closing of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. TRUE Community 9999 41.882966 -87.665813 /photos/1/90/17888_l.jpg 575 767 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003Oni
131113 Montgomery Ward's Headquarters Hub of the mail order catalog that made Chicago a distribution center for affordable consumer goods. On April 26, 1944, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt sent federal troops to take possession of Ward's offices in response to the company's failure to adhere to National War Labor Board's orders to recognize a CIO union. The accompanying historical photograph shows the Ward's building in 1940 in the background behind the newly built Cabrini Homes. TRUE Industry 9999 618 W Chicago Ave, Chicago, IL, 60610, US 618 W Chicago Ave 60610 Cook Chicago IL US 41.89646 -87.643445 /photos/1/90/17904_l.jpg 989 767 Chicago Historical Museum, G1989.0891.N178-2 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003P0Y
131114 Schoenhofen Brewery Designed by Richard E. Schmidt and Hugh Garden, architects influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright, the buildings were built by laborers for the Schoenhofen Brewing Company, founded in 1861 by Peter Schoenhofen and Matheus Gottfried. The administration building was built in 1886 and the Powerhouse in 1902. TRUE Industry 9999 41.857815 -87.639592 /photos/1/90/17908_l.jpg 1024 768 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003P0Z
131115 Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum Once a field house in Harrison Park, the museum opened in 1987 and now holds a collection of over 2,500 works, many of which explore political and labor themes. Prints and drawings include the works of Diego Rivera, Graciela Iturbide, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Jose Clemente Orozco, and Rufino Tamayo. TRUE Arts and Culture 9999 1852 W 19th St, Chicago, IL, 60608, US 1852 W 19th St 60608 Cook Chicago IL US 41.85588 -87.672318 /photos/1/90/17910_l.jpg 1024 768 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003P0[
131116 Rudy Lozano Branch, Chicago Public Library Built in 1989, this public library branch was named for Rudy Lozano, an organizer for the International Ladies Garment Workers Union and a community activist, who was assassinated in 1983. A testament to Mexican art and literature, it houses the largest Spanish-language collection in the CPL system and is covered in a decorative tile similar in style to the pre-Columbian buildings of Oaxaca, Mexico. TRUE Community 9999 1805 S Loomis St, Chicago, IL, 60608, US 1805 S Loomis St 60608 Cook Chicago IL US 41.857795 -87.661295 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003P0\
131117 Thalia Hall Built in 1882, this Bohemian (Czech) community center included a theater and the offices of several community organizations. After the First World War, several groups from Thalia Hall pressured President Woodrow Wilson for the creation of an independent Czechoslovakian nation. TRUE Community 9999 1215 W 18th St, Chicago, IL, 60608, US 1215 W 18th St 60608 Cook Chicago IL US 41.85794 -87.657015 /photos/1/90/17911_l.jpg 575 767 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003P0]
131119 Casa Aztlan Founded in 1905 as the Howell Neighborhood House, this community center has since been rejuvenated by the Mexican community and is now covered with murals. Between 1970 and 1973, Ray Patlan covered Casa Aztlan with his mural, "Hay Cultura en Nuestra Comunidad" (There is Culture in Our Community), which includes an ode to the Aztecs and pays homage to a number of political and labor struggles through depictions of famous Latino figures such as Emilio Zapata, Che Guevara, and Frida Kahlo. TRUE Community 9999 1831 S Racine Ave, Chicago, IL, 60608, US 1831 S Racine Ave 60608 Cook Chicago IL US 41.857495 -87.656404 /photos/1/90/17912_l.jpg 1024 768 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003P0_
131120 Benito Juarez High School Built in 1977 and named for the revered Mexican statesman, this school displays several colorful murals, including one honoring agrarian labor struggles and Mexican labor organizer Cesar Chavez (1927-93). TRUE Community 9999 2150 S Laflin St, Chicago, IL, 60608, US 2150 S Laflin St 60608 Cook Chicago IL US 41.852984 -87.66362 /photos/1/90/17914_l.jpg 1024 768 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003P0`
131121 International Harvester McCormick Reaper Works This was the site of the McCormick Reaper Works (1873), and the International Harvester Plant (1902-1969). It is now home to an industrial and office park, developed by the Pyramidwest Development Corporation. The McCormick plant was at the center of the struggle for the eight-hour day that led to the Haymarket Massacre on May 4, 1886. In addition, in 1952, the recently merged Farm Equipment Workers and United Electrical Workers unions shut down the plant when International Harvester began to close the McCormick Works Twine Mill. The 1952 strike grew into a crucial battle in International Harvester's effort to oust the more radical FE-UE Union, and replace it with the more moderate United Auto Workers Union. The accompanying photographs show striking workers at the McCormick Works in 1952, and the factory as it looked in 1908. TRUE Industry 9999 41.844341 -87.683086 /photos/2/57/23639_l.jpg 967 768 FE-UE Striking Workers, 1952 -- Chicago History Museum - DN-O-8267 http://www.communitywalk.com/map/5258#0003P0a
131122 Davis Square Park "Built in 1904, the Davis Square community recreation center provided free public baths, free lunches, and classes for working-class community. Site of rallies for the Stockyard Labor Council, and, on December 8, 1921, of a riot between the police and striking packinghouse workers.

Back to the Back of the Yards Neighborhood Tour

Labor Trail

Chicago History Museum, DN-0004456

Chicago History Museum, DN-0056524

Labor Trail

The Chicago Center for Working-Class Studies (CCWCS) is proud to present the Interactive Labor Trail, made possible by a generous grant from the Illinois Humanities Council. This on-line history resource builds on “The Labor Trail: Chicago's History of Working-Class Life and Struggle,” a map of 140 significant locations in the history of labor, migration, and working-class culture in Chicago and Illinois. The Labor Trail is the product of a joint effort to showcase the many generations of dramatic struggles and working-class life in the Chicago area's rich and turbulent past. The Trail's neighborhood tours invite you to get acquainted with the events, places, and people -- often unsung -- who have made the city what it is today. In addition, the statewide map is just a starting point for further exploration of Illinois' labor heritage. This Interactive Labor Trail expands the number of locations and provides a greater depth of information, while giving map users the chance to add their knowledge of locations and events in the Chicago area’s working-class history.

We invite all individuals, groups, and institutions interested in the labor and working-class history of Chicago, Cook County, the Calumet Region, and Illinois to contribute to the map. Users can add new sites, edit or build upon existing entries with additional text, photographs, primary sources, audio and video files, as well as links to related websites.

Easy-to-use instructions for adding to the on-line version of the map are available at www.labortrail.org.

More information on the Chicago Center for Working-Class Studies is available at: www.workingclassstudies.org

The Labor Trail: Chicago's History of Working-Class Life and Struggle

Project Director:
Leon Fink, University of Illinois at Chicago

Project Advisors:
Tobias Higbie, Newberry Library
Lisa Oppenheim, Chicago Metro History Education Center
Liesl Miller Orenic, Dominican University

Administrative Director:
Jeffrey Helgeson, University of Illinois at Chicago

Project Assistants:
Aaron Max Berkowitz, University of Illinois at Chicago; John H. Flores, University of Illinois at Chicago; Erik Gellman, Northwestern University; Dan Harper, University of Illinois at Chicago; Emily LaBarbera-Twarog, University of Illinois at Chicago

Web Design:
William Atwood and Melissa Palmer