Pullman Neighborhood Tour


The Pullman neighborhood exemplifies the "company town" style of industrial development, and was the site of one of the most famous labor clashes in U.S. history. George M. Pullman began construction in 1880, seeking to create a harmonious environment that would prevent class tensions. However, Pullman's social control experiment alienated workers, and conditions worsened when Pullman maintained the cost of rents but decreased wages during the 1893 financial panic. The resulting 1894 battle between the American Railway Union (ARU), an early industry-wide union led by Eugene V. Debs, and the General Managers' Association (GMA), a powerful combination of railroad owners, ended when President Grover Cleveland called in federal troops over the objections of Mayor John P. Hopkins and Governor John Peter Altgeld. In 1960, the city of Chicago declared the area "blighted" and moved to replace it with a new industrial park. The residents saved Pullman's main housing and it continues to be a vibrant community. For more information on Pullman, visit the museum at 112th and Forrestville.

Important sites in Pullman include:

*A. Philip Randolph Pullman Porter Museum
*Pullman Clock Tower and Administration Building
*Hotel Florence
*Officers Row
*Green Stone Church
*Workers and Managers Row Houses
*Workers Cottages
*Langley Playground

Labor Trail

The Chicago Center for Working-Class Studies (CCWCS) is proud to present the Interactive Labor Trail, made possible by a generous grant from the Illinois Humanities Council. This on-line history resource builds on “The Labor Trail: Chicago's History of Working-Class Life and Struggle,” a map of 140 significant locations in the history of labor, migration, and working-class culture in Chicago and Illinois. The Labor Trail is the product of a joint effort to showcase the many generations of dramatic struggles and working-class life in the Chicago area's rich and turbulent past. The Trail's neighborhood tours invite you to get acquainted with the events, places, and people -- often unsung -- who have made the city what it is today. In addition, the statewide map is just a starting point for further exploration of Illinois' labor heritage. This Interactive Labor Trail expands the number of locations and provides a greater depth of information, while giving map users the chance to add their knowledge of locations and events in the Chicago area’s working-class history.

We invite all individuals, groups, and institutions interested in the labor and working-class history of Chicago, Cook County, the Calumet Region, and Illinois to contribute to the map. Users can add new sites, edit or build upon existing entries with additional text, photographs, primary sources, audio and video files, as well as links to related websites.

Easy-to-use instructions for adding to the on-line version of the map are available at www.labortrail.org.

More information on the Chicago Center for Working-Class Studies is available at: www.workingclassstudies.org

The Labor Trail: Chicago's History of Working-Class Life and Struggle

Project Director:
Leon Fink, University of Illinois at Chicago

Project Advisors:
Tobias Higbie, Newberry Library
Lisa Oppenheim, Chicago Metro History Education Center
Liesl Miller Orenic, Dominican University

Administrative Director:
Jeffrey Helgeson, University of Illinois at Chicago

Project Assistants:
Aaron Max Berkowitz, University of Illinois at Chicago; John H. Flores, University of Illinois at Chicago; Erik Gellman, Northwestern University; Dan Harper, University of Illinois at Chicago; Emily LaBarbera-Twarog, University of Illinois at Chicago

Web Design:
William Atwood and Melissa Palmer