Fort Sheridan


Fort Sheridan was an Army post founded November 8, 1887, three days before the execution of the Haymarket Martyrs in Chicago. Founded specifically to quell labor resistance and protect North Shore mansions from angry employees in Chicago, the fort was founded with a 632 acre donation to the Army by the Commercial Club of Chicago, spearheaded by Marshall Field, George Pullman and Senator C.B. Farwell. The actual deed was issued through "straw men" Bartlett, Hutchinson & Janes (along with their wives) and the Commercial Club was specifically not listed, as the Club's charter prohibited it from owning or donating property. In June 1894, troops were mobilized from Fort Sheridan to put down the Pullman Strike. And President Grover Cleveland ordered the 15th Infantry & 7th Cavalry from Fort Sheridan to put down a strike at the Union Stockyards. This would be the last time troops at the Fort would be used to attack labor actions in Chicago. Fort Sheridan was decommissioned May 28, 1993 in a cost-cutting move. Other notable events: the imprisonment at the fort of Lakota warriors after the Battle of Wounded Knee, and its use as a training and staging camp for both World Wars.

Labor Trail



Fort Sheridan

1st Street & Sheridan Road

Labor Trail

The Chicago Center for Working-Class Studies (CCWCS) is proud to present the Interactive Labor Trail, made possible by a generous grant from the Illinois Humanities Council. This on-line history resource builds on “The Labor Trail: Chicago's History of Working-Class Life and Struggle,” a map of 140 significant locations in the history of labor, migration, and working-class culture in Chicago and Illinois. The Labor Trail is the product of a joint effort to showcase the many generations of dramatic struggles and working-class life in the Chicago area's rich and turbulent past. The Trail's neighborhood tours invite you to get acquainted with the events, places, and people -- often unsung -- who have made the city what it is today. In addition, the statewide map is just a starting point for further exploration of Illinois' labor heritage. This Interactive Labor Trail expands the number of locations and provides a greater depth of information, while giving map users the chance to add their knowledge of locations and events in the Chicago area’s working-class history.

We invite all individuals, groups, and institutions interested in the labor and working-class history of Chicago, Cook County, the Calumet Region, and Illinois to contribute to the map. Users can add new sites, edit or build upon existing entries with additional text, photographs, primary sources, audio and video files, as well as links to related websites.

Easy-to-use instructions for adding to the on-line version of the map are available at

More information on the Chicago Center for Working-Class Studies is available at:

The Labor Trail: Chicago's History of Working-Class Life and Struggle

Project Director:
Leon Fink, University of Illinois at Chicago

Project Advisors:
Tobias Higbie, Newberry Library
Lisa Oppenheim, Chicago Metro History Education Center
Liesl Miller Orenic, Dominican University

Administrative Director:
Jeffrey Helgeson, University of Illinois at Chicago

Project Assistants:
Aaron Max Berkowitz, University of Illinois at Chicago; John H. Flores, University of Illinois at Chicago; Erik Gellman, Northwestern University; Dan Harper, University of Illinois at Chicago; Emily LaBarbera-Twarog, University of Illinois at Chicago

Web Design:
William Atwood and Melissa Palmer