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History Map

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Ophir
300-400 residents in 1862 working in the quartz mill and cordwood business. Declined to 71 residents in 1871 after railroad and other mills made Washoe Valley mills unprofitable. Some ruins.
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Ophir Mill
Virginia City had quartz to mill but no water. A road was built west to WV and wagons hauled the ore to the Ophir Mill. A wood causeway was built across the wetlands. The mill employed 165 men but only operated between 1861 and about 1865. Some Ruins
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New York Mill
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Franktown
Founded by Mormons in 1852 it became a sawmill, quartz milling and ranching center. Decline started in 1871 with decline of quartz milling in Washoe Valley.
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Mill City
Or Mill Station, supported a few nearby sawmills and quartz mills and became a wood station on the V&TRR after 1871
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Jumbo
Always in an area of mining and prospecting, Jumbo finally became a town in about 1907 during the last Nevada mining rush. It consisted of saloons, boarding houses, a newspaper and even a candy store. Glass, pottery shards remain.
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Washoe City
Washoe City became the main town in WV situated near sawmills, quartz mills, trails and roads supporting Virginia City in about 1861. Was the county seat until 1871 when the V&TRR changed the local dynamics and by 1880 had only 200 residents.
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Sawmill
Approximate location of one of the many sawmills utilizing creek water for power and steam. These mills supplied Virginia City with wood for construction and fuel.
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Sawmill
As trees were removed, mills moved further up into the hills and roads and flumes extended into new timber. Steam boiler remains.