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Mapping Kentucky History Letcher County Markers

Letcher County Central High School Jenkins Middle High School
Bethany Kilgore, Josiah Whitaker, Blake Caudill, Irene Dixon and Reba Longstreath, and Evie Holbrook
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510 Pound Gap
KY, USA
Marker reads - Route through here discovered by Christopher Gist, April 1, 1751. Brig. Gen. Garfield and 700 Union troops forced 500 CSA men from here Mar. 16, 1862 and burned CSA supplies. On last raid in Kentucky, Morgans Raiders dislodged Union forces here June 1, 1864 and moved on to Mt. Sterling, Lexington and Cynthiana. They then returned to Virginia.
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809 County Named
KY, USA
Marker reads, For Robert P. Letcher, during term as Governor of Kentucky, 1840-1844. Born Va., 1788; came KY. in 1800. KY. Mounted Militia, War of 1812. Legislature, 7 years, Speaker of House, two years. U.S. Congress, 1823-1835. Presidential elector in 1836. During term as governor he proclaimed first Thanksgiving. Minister to Mexico, 1849-1852. Died 1861; buried Frankfort Cemetery.
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1197 Pioneer Ancestor
KY, USA
Marker reads, James Caudill, born in Virginia in 1753, first came to Big Cowan Creek in 1787. Because of Indians, he took his family back to North Carolina. Returning here in 1792 with his family, he built a cabin, stayed several years, went back to North Carolina. They settled here permanently in 1811. He was progenitor of a large, widespread mountain family. He died in 1840.
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1188 Scuttle Hole Gap Road
KY, USA
Marker reads, Indians or buffalo probably were the first to follow this gap and make a trail across Pine Mountain. First white settlers, about 1800, made trail into treacherous wagon road, their only route to Virginia for supplies of flour, salt, and sugar. Called Scuttle Hole Gap, meaning deep gorge through cliffs. Trail goes 7 miles from here into the Cumberland River Valley.
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1700 Early Settler
KY, USA
Marker reads, Archelous Craft of Wilkes Co., N.C., was with small band of pioneers who immigrated to Upper KY. River Valley in 1804. Born December 25, 1749, in Roanoke River area, Craft was a veteran of Revolutionary War; he fought in battles of Hanging Rock and Eutaw Springs. He died November 8, 1853. His unmarked grave is three miles north of Crafts Colly. Presented by Craft Family Reunion Assoc.
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1732 Pilot-Spy-Hero
KY, USA
Marker reads, Francis Gary Powers and the U-2 Incident catapulted activities of the United States into world view. This Burdine native, with other pilots directed by CIA, flew U-2s high altitude jet gliders over Russia, photographing missile and industrial sites and nuclear tests. On May 1, 1960, when his plane was disabled 1300 miles over Russia, Powers parachuted to safety. Reverse, Francis Gary Powers, 1929-1977 - Taken prisoner, Powers stated his compass had malfunctioned on a weather flight. Finding film intact in planes wreckage, the Russians told him he would stand trial for espionage. Sentenced to ten years imprisonment, Powers was released in 1962 in exchange for a Soviet spy. Later decorated by CIA. Died in civilian helicopter crash.
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1804 Jenkins
KY, USA
Marker reads, Land bought by John C. C. Mayo and sold to Consolidation Coal Co. to develop town and coal mines. Coal company laid out streets and built houses, stores, hospital, churches, and schools. Town named for George C. Jenkins, a promoter and Baltimore banker. The railroad reached Jenkins ca. 1912. With Consolidations 14 tipples, Letcher Co. was largest coal producer in Kentucky in 1916.
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1906 Lt. Darwin K. Kyle
KY, USA
Marker reads, This Congressional Medal of Honor winner fought in Korean War. Born in Jenkins, June 1918, Second Lt. KYle in U.S. Army with Co. K, 7th Inf. Regt., 3d Inf. Div. Lt. KYle rallied his men amid intensive fighting to renew attacks on enemy machine-gun positions. He killed 7 men in 2 assaults, then was slain by enemy fire, February 16, 1951. Presented by Letcher County Historical and Genealogical Society.