Machinery and machinery used for construction work must comply with regulations to ensure the safety of work and technical equipment in their construction, design and technical condition.
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Each machine must be equipped with operating and maintenance instructions, which must be in the Czech language. If the instructions are missing, the contractor must specify in his instructions in particular:
* duties of the operator before the start of operation in a shift, during operation, the method of securing the machine during relocation, decommissioning, repairs
* and against unwanted commissioning,
* location and securing of the machine after the end of operation,
* the scope, deadlines and method of performing maintenance, including revisions,
* prohibited acts and activities.
The safety check of the operation of the device before commissioning is performed according to the accompanying documentation of the manufacturer. If the manufacturer is not known or if the accompanying documentation is not available, the scope of inspection of the equipment shall be determined by the employer in accordance with the local operational safety regulations.
The operating documentation must be kept throughout the operation of the device. Before using the machine, the contractor must acquaint the operator with local operating and working conditions affecting occupational safety, which are in particular the bearing capacity of the soil, crossings and bridges, slopes of the travel plane, laying underground lines of technical equipment, or. other underground barriers, the location of overhead lines and obstacles. The operator must also check the functionality of all control, communication and safety devices. If a fault is detected, the machine must not be put into operation until the fault has been rectified.
Start the machine if other workers are within its dangerous range.
Start up the machine and use the machine if any protective equipment is removed or damaged.
Work with the machine at night or in reduced visibility if the working area of??the machine and the workplace is not sufficiently lit.
Move work equipment over workers or occupied vehicle driver's cab.
Work with the machine and work tool in a place that is not visible from the operating position and where there could be a danger to workers or other equipment.
Deactivate safety, protective, safety devices and change their prescribed parameters.
The employer is obliged to create conditions for a safe, safe and non-hazardous working environment by a suitable organization of safety and health at work and by taking measures to prevent risks.
Each employee is obliged to take care of his or her own safety, his or her own health, as well as the safety and health of persons directly affected by his or her actions or omissions at work.
Coordinate the requirements of occupational safety with other participants in the construction and acquaint the relevant employees with the measures taken.
To train and practically train employees to perform work safely to the extent necessary for the performance of their work and to verify their knowledge
Equip construction workers with the necessary personal protective equipment.
To acquaint employees with the technological or work procedure and, depending on the complexity and risk of work, with the supplier's documentation to the extent that concerns them.
Provide fencing and site lighting; Mark entrances, assembly workplaces and access routes with safety signs and tables.
Before starting earthworks, verify and mark the routes of underground utilities and other obstacles.
Do not allow work in excavations without ensuring the stability of manually and machine-dug excavation walls.
When making masonry below ground level, ensure that the walls of the excavations are secured against falling.
To carry out assembly work, prepare a technological assembly procedure with the determination of conditions for the deployment and movement of mechanization means, securing the affected workplaces and securing workers against falling from a height.
Carry out protection of workers against falls from a height by collective or personal securing and, in the case of the use of personal protective equipment against falls, constantly check their use.
Determine the method of securing workers when working on roofs against falling from roof coverings, against slipping or falling.
Take over the structures for work at heights, especially scaffolding, only after their complete completion and equipment.
Issue a written order to start demolition work, only after equipping the workplace with auxiliary structures, materials and aids specified in the technological process.
Issue instructions for operation and maintenance of machines, which contain requirements to ensure work safety during their operation.
After the end of the working activity of the machine, determine measures against its misuse by an unauthorized person and against the possibility of endangering the public interest.
Interrupt work if there is a risk of an accident or breakdown of the technical equipment and if working conditions deteriorate
When carrying out construction work in extraordinary conditions, determine the necessary measures to ensure work safety and acquaint the relevant workers with them.